Nal structure with the 3CLpro (with 306 amino acids, 6LU7) of SARS-CoV-2 like other coronaviruses like MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV with 40 percent to 44 % with the sequence homology entails 3 functional domains, like domain I (residues 801) and domain II (residues 10284) consisting of 2- barrel fold, which can be related α9β1 review towards the chymotrypsin with a Cys-His catalytic dyad (Cyc145 and His41) situated in the cleft of domain I and II for SARS-CoV-2 catalytic activity, wherein Cys functions as a nucleophile whereas His functions as a proton acceptor; and domain III (residues 20106) also entails 5 -helices linked to domain II through a longloop area (residues 185 to 200) (Fig. S1) [16, 17]. The structure of 3CLpro complexed having a peptide-like inhibitor N3 and residues like His41, Phe140, Leu141, CD40 supplier Asn142, Gly143, Cys145, His163, Met165, his172 and Gln189 show noncovalent interaction with N3 ligand. The ligand N3 forms hydrogen bonds (H-bond) with Gly143, Cys145, Glu166, and Gln189 residues in the binding pocket of this protease enzyme (Fig. S2) . A important bicyclic heterocyclic is coumarin (2H-1-benzopyran-2-one) that’s a natural secondary metabolite (SM) extracted from fungus, plants, bacteria, chemical synthesis, as well as vital oils, has been examined as among the prominent structures to create novel agents with larger specificity and affinity to distinct molecular targets showing antioxidant, anticancer, antiviral, anti-inflammatory and antileishmania activities . For that reason, diverse families of plants like Umbelliferae, Clusiaceae, and Rutaceae have been employed to isolate coumarins . In addition, all-natural compounds, synthetic and semi-synthetic drugs happen to be used against molecular targets of many viral proteins for inhibiting viral outbreak, which possess reduced unwanted effects and toxicity. Hence, they could be worthwhile candidates inside the fight against diverse viruses like Covid-19 . A good deal of investigations referred to the inhibition impacts of diverse classes of all-natural coumarin phytochemicals (Fig. S3) around the functioning of viral proteins including protease, integrase, reverse transcriptase also as DNA polymerase, also, preventing viral entry against a wide variety of human viruses including hepatitis B and C, influenza, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and herpes simplex virus [19, 20, 25]. Coumarin compounds with related structures which includes saxalin, psoralen, and bergapten have already been identified to stop HIV replication . Also, coumarins of mesoul and isomesoul have been reported to suppress HIV replication in jurkat T cell . Kellerin, a sesquiterpene coumarin; rutamarin, a all-natural furanocoumarin; glycycoumarin, an aryl-coumarin, and osthole, a straightforward coumarin have been reported to become antiHSV and anti-HCV agents [28, 29]. Also, other studies have reported that a number of the natural coumarins for instance xanthotoxin, glycycoumarin, oxypeucedanin, pranferol and heraclenol have anti-HIV activity [24, 30].Molecular Diversity (2022) 26:1053In this study, we have investigated 50 all-natural coumarin phytochemicals isolated from plants to discover and identify the binding affinities and interactions of these phytochemicals against the coronavirus 3CLpro by molecular modeling approaches. The best compounds chosen depending on binding affinity had been additional investigated by molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and binding cost-free energy calculations in which the selected compounds could be made use of as inhibitors against 3CLpro of SARS-CoV-2 and Covid-19 dise.